Making The Right Connections: Multi-AP Association And Flow Control In 60GHz Band

Fan Zhou Northeastern University, USA
M Yousof Naderi Northeastern University, USA
Kunal Sankhe Northeastern University, USA
Kaushik Chowdhury Northeastern University, USA


Emerging network architectures in 60GHz millimeter wave bands will likely use dense deployment of access points (APs) given the high attenuation and frequent line-of-sight related outages. We show in this paper that naively connecting to any available AP, or even multiple APs, may not fully realize the promise of efficiently utilizing the extremely large bandwidths available in this band. This paper holistically addresses these problems through the Multi-AP Association Protocol (MAP) that: (i) indicates ideal durations for beam-searching at the physical/link layers of the protocol stack that will result in minimal interruptions to user-traffic, (ii) devises a Multi-AP association framework based on multipath TCP, which increases the network robustness by allowing immediate redirection of traffic to alternative APs whenever an existing connection is interrupted, and (iii) designs an exploration-exploitation aware flow scheduling algorithm that dynamically activates the sub-flows to optimize transport layer performance. MAP is a lightweight , client side system that needs zero modifications to existing protocol stack, though it interacts with the latter to opportunisti-cally trigger standards-defined functions. The paper also presents convergence analysis of throughput, experimental validation on a 60GHz network testbed, and trace-driven simulation studies that shows MAP achieving 5-7x reduction in re-buffering rate in HD video streaming, rapid convergence to the best possible AP, and fair allocation of resources among clients.

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