Exploiting Residual Channel For Implicit Wi-Fi Backscatter Networks

Authors:
Taekyung Kim Korea University, Korea
Wonjun Lee Korea University, Korea

Abstract:

The emerging deployment of IoT devices increasingly requires more energy-and-cost-efficient wireless links between devices. Nowadays backscatter networks, one of the most feasible technology to meet the requirement in IoT spaces, have evolved for better usability and wider coverage. The most likely consequence of the evolution is Wi-Fi backscatter networks that harmonize with widely deployed commercial devices. However recent Wi-Fi backscatter techniques are stuck in front of several hurdles. The backscatter techniques along with 802.11b devices impair the spectral efficiency of wireless channels and break backward compatibility. Meanwhile, the backscatter techniques along with the other types of 802.11 devices support only per-packet backscatter resulting poor performance. To tackle all these problems, we propose a flicker detector that achieves per-symbol in-band backscatter by exploiting residual channel of Wi-Fi packets. Our approach shows robust performance without any modification on the hardware and any side effect on wireless channels. Extensive experiments on a software-defined radio testbed demonstrate that our approach overcomes the hurdles of existing Wi-Fi backscatter networks.

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