Non-Interactive Privacy-Preserving Truth Discovery In Crowd Sensing Applications

Authors:
Xiaoting Tang City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Cong Wang City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Xingliang Yuan Monash University, Australia
Qian Wang Wuhan University, P.R. China

Abstract:

In crowd sensing, truth discovery (TD) refers to finding reliable information from noisy/biased data collected from different providers. To protect providers' data while enabling truth distillation, privacy-preserving truth discovery (PPTD) has received wide attention recently. However, all existing approaches require iterative interaction between server(s) and individual providers, which inevitably demand all providers to be always on-line. Otherwise, the protocol would fail or expose extra provider information. In this paper, we design and implement the first non-interactive PPTD system that completely removes the online requirement with strong privacy guarantees. Our framework follows the same two-server model from the best-known prior solution, and leverages Yao's Garbled Circuit (GC). Yet, we devise non-trivial speedup techniques for TD-optimized implementation. Firstly, we identify reusable computations in TD to accelerate the circuit generation. Secondly, we securely evaluate the burdensome non-linear functions in TD via customized approximation with accuracy and improved efficiency. Thirdly, we reduce the online execution time by bridging together latest advancements of component-based GC and various computations needed in TD. Unlike prior arts, our framework does not reveal any intermediate results, and further supports "late-join" providers without protocol suspension/restart. The practical performance of our proof-of-concept implementation is verified through extensive evaluations.

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