Designing Optimal Middlebox Recovery Schemes With Performance Guarantees

Yossi Kanizo Tel-Hai College, Israel
Ori Rottenstreich Princeton University, USA
Itai Segall Bell Labs Israel, Israel
Jose Yallouz Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel


Enabling functionality in modern network is achieved through the use of middleboxes. Middleboxes suffer from temporal unavailability due to various reasons, such as hardware faults. We design a backup scheme that takes advantage of Network Function Virtualization (NFV), an emerging paradigm of implementing network functions in software, deployed on commodity servers. We utilize the agility of software-based systems, and the gap between the resource utilization of active and standby components, in order to design an optimal limited-resource backup scheme. We focus on the case where a small number of middleboxes fail simultaneously, and study the backup resources required for guaranteeing full recovery from any set of failures, of up to some limited size. Via a novel graph-based presentation, we develop a provably optimal construction of such backup schemes. Since full recovery is guaranteed, our construction does not rely on failure statistics, which are typically hard to obtain. Simulation results show that our proposed approach is applicable even for the case of larger numbers of failures.

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