WiFED: WiFi Friendly Energy Delivery With Distributed Beamforming

Subhramoy Mohanti Northeastern University, USA
Elif Bozkaya Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
M Yousof Naderi Northeastern University, USA
Berk Canberk Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Kaushik Chowdhury Northeastern University, USA


Wireless RF energy transfer for indoor sensors is an emerging paradigm that ensures continuous operation without battery limitations. However, high power radiation within the ISM band interferes with the packet reception for existing WiFi devices. The paper proposes the first effort in merging the RF energy transfer functions within a standards compliant 802.11 protocol to realize practical and WiFi-friendly Energy Delivery (WiFED). The WiFED architecture is composed of a centralized controller that coordinates the actions of multiple distributed energy transmitters (ETs), and a number of deployed sensors that periodically request energy from the ETs. The paper first describes the specific 802.11 supported protocol features that can be exploited by sensors to request energy and for the ETs to participate in the energy delivery process. Second, it devises a controller-driven bipartite matching-based algorithmic solution that assigns the appropriate number of ETs to energy requesting sensors for an efficient energy transfer process. The proposed in-band and protocol supported coexistence in WiFED is validated via simulations and partly in a software defined radio testbed, showing 15% improvement in network lifetime and 31% reduction in the charging delay compared to the classical nearest distance-based charging schemes that do not anticipate future energy needs of the sensors and are not designed to co-exist with WiFi systems.

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