Verification: Accuracy Evaluation Of WiFi Fine Time Measurements On An Open Platform

Authors:
Mohamed Ibrahim WINLAB, Rutgers University
Hansi Liu WINLAB, Rutgers University
Minitha Jawahar WINLAB, Rutgers University
Viet Nguyen WINLAB, Rutgers University
Marco Gruteser WINLAB, Rutgers University
And Richard Howard WINLAB, Rutgers University
Bo Yu And Fan Bai General Motors Research

Introduction:

Academic and industry research has argued for supporting WiFi time-of-flight measurements to improve WiFi localization. This paper introduces an open platform for experimenting with fine time measurements and a general, repeatable, and accurate measurement framework for evaluating time-based ranging systems.

Abstract:

Academic and industry research has argued for supporting WiFi time-of-flight measurements to improve WiFi localization. The IEEE 802.11-2016 now includes a Fine Time Measurement (FTM) protocol for WiFi ranging, and several WiFi chipsets ofer hardware support albeit without fully functional open software. This paper introduces an open platform for experimenting with fine time measurements and a general, repeatable, and accurate measurement framework for evaluating time-based ranging systems. We analyze the key factors and parameters that afect the ranging performance and revisit standard error correction techniques for WiFi time-based ranging system. The results confirm that meter-level ranging accuracy is possible as promised, but the measurements also show that this can only be consistently achieved in low-multipath environments such as open outdoor spaces or with denser access point deployments to enable ranging at or above 80 MHz bandwidth.

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