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In chemistry and manufacturing, electrolysis is a technique that uses a direct electric current (DC) to drive an otherwise non-spontaneous chemical reaction. Electrolysis is commercially important as a stage in the separation of elements from naturally occurring sources such as ores using an electrolytic cell. The voltage that is needed for electrolysis to occur is called the decomposition potential. The word 'electrolysis' was introduced by Michael Faraday in the 19th century, on the suggestion of the Rev. William Whewell, using the Greek words ἤλεκτρον 'amber', which since the 17th century was associated with electric phenomena, and λύσις meaning 'dissolution'. Nevertheless, electrolysis, as a tool to study chemical reactions and obtain pure elements, precedes the coinage of the term and formal description by Faraday. Electrolysis is the passing of a direct electric current through an ionic substance that is either molten or dissolved in a suitable solvent, producing chemical reactions at the electrodes and a decomposition of the materials.

[ "Electrode", "Electrolyte", "Physical chemistry", "Organic chemistry", "Inorganic chemistry", "Hall–Héroult process", "Power to gas", "Electrolysis operation", "Salt extraction process", "Electrolysis - action" ]
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