No Redshift Evolution in the Broad Line Region Metallicity up to z=7.54: Deep NIR Spectroscopy of ULAS J1342+0928

We present deep (9 hours) Gemini-N/GNIRS near-infrared spectroscopic observations of ULAS J1342+0928, a luminous quasar at z=7.54. Various broad emission lines were detected, as well as the underlying continuum and iron forests over the rest-frame wavelength 970-2930A. There is a clear trend that higher-ionization emission lines show larger blueshifts with CIV1549 exhibiting 5510^{+240}_{-110} km s-1 blueshift with respect to the systematic redshift from the far-infrared [CII] 158um emission line. Those high ionization lines have wide profiles with FWHM more than 10000 km s-1. A modest blueshift of 340^{+110}_{-80} km s-1 is also seen in MgII, the lowest ionization line identified in the spectrum. The updated MgII-based black hole mass of M_BH=9.1_{-1.3}^{+1.4} x 10^8 M_sun and the Eddington ratio of L_bol/L_Edd=1.1_{-0.2}^{+0.2} confirm that ULAS J1342+0928 is powered by a massive and actively accreting black hole. There is no significant difference in the emission line ratios such as SiIV/CIV and AlIII/CIV when compared to lower-redshift quasars in a similar luminosity range, which suggests early metal pollution of the broad-line-region clouds. This trend also holds for the FeII/MgII line ratio, known as a cosmic clock that traces the iron enrichment in the early universe. Different iron templates and continuum fitting ranges were used to explore how the FeII/MgII measurement changes as a function of spectral modeling. Quasars at even higher redshift or at fainter luminosity range (L_bol<10^46 erg s-1) are needed to probe the sites of early metal enrichment and a corresponding change in the FeII/MgII ratio.
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