LR-Net: Low-Rank Spatial-Spectral Network for Hyperspectral Image Denoising

Due to the physical limitations of the imaging devices, hyperspectral images (HSIs) are commonly distorted by a mixture of Gaussian noise, impulse noise, stripes, and dead lines, leading to the decline in the performance of unmixing, classification, and other subsequent applications. In this paper, we propose a novel end-to-end low-rank spatial-spectral network (LR-Net) for the removal of the hybrid noise in HSIs. By integrating the low-rank physical property into a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN), the proposed LR-Net simultaneously enjoys the strong feature representation ability from DCNN and the implicit physical constraint of clean HSIs. Firstly, spatial-spectral atrous blocks (SSABs) are built to exploit spatial-spectral features of HSIs. Secondly, these spatial-spectral features are forwarded to a multi-atrous block (MAB) to aggregate the context in different receptive fields. Thirdly, the contextual features and spatial-spectral features from different levels are concatenated before being fed into a plug-and-play low-rank module (LRM) for feature reconstruction. With the help of the LRM, the workflow of low-rank matrix reconstruction can be streamlined in a differentiable manner. Finally, the low-rank features are utilized to capture the latent semantic relationships of the HSIs to recover clean HSIs. Extensive experiments on both simulated and real-world datasets were conducted. The experimental results show that the LR-Net outperforms other state-of-the-art denoising methods in terms of evaluation metrics and visual assessments. Particularly, through the collaborative integration of DCNNs and the low-rank property, the LR-Net shows strong stability and capacity for generalization.
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