Learning Disentangled Feature Representations for Speech Enhancement Via Adversarial Training

Neural speech enhancement degrades significantly in face of unseen noise. To address such mismatch, we propose to learn noise-agnostic feature representations by disentanglement learning, which removes the unspecified noise factor, while keeping the specified factors of variation associated with the clean speech. Specifically, a discriminator module is introduced to distinguish the type of noises, which is referred to as the disentangler. With the adversarial training strategy, a gradient reversal layer seeks to disentangle the noise factor and remove it from the feature representation. Experiment results show that the proposed approach achieves 5.8% and 5.2% relative improvements over the best baseline in terms of perceptual evaluation of the speech quality (PESQ) and segmental signal-to-noise ratio (SSNR), respectively. The ablation study indicates that the proposed disentangler module is also effective in other encoder-decoder-like structures.
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