New generalized zero forcing beamforming for serving more users in energy-harvesting enabled networks

Abstract This paper considers a multi-user wireless communication network supported by a multiple-antenna base station (BS), where the users who are located sufficiently close to the BS employ wireless energy harvesting (EH) to replenish their energy needs. The objective of this work is to design an efficient beamforming to maximize the minimum throughput among all the information users (IUs), subject to EH constraints. In this regard, transmit time-switching approach is employed, where energy and information are transmitted over different fractions of a time-slot. To achieve efficient EH, a conjugate beamforming (matched filtering) is applied. To design efficient information beamforming for max–min throughput optimization, conventional zero-forcing (ZF) beamforming can be adopted, however, it will not suppress multi-user interference if the number of users is greater than the number of antennas at the BS. To this end, different from the existing works which employ regularized zero-forcing (RZF) beamforming, this work proposes a new generalized zero-forcing (GZF) beamforming, which promises better max–min throughput compared to that achieved by the RZF beamforming. A new path-following algorithm is developed to achieve max–min throughput optimization by GZF beamforming, which is based on a simple convex quadratic program over each iteration.
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