Source characterization of full-scale tactical jet noise from phased-array measurements

2019 
Application of phased-array algorithms to acoustic measurements in the vicinity of a high-performance military aircraft yields equivalent source reconstructions over a range of engine conditions. Beamforming techniques for aeroacoustics applications have undergone significant advances over the past decade to account for difficulties that arise when traditional methods are applied to distributed sources such as those found in jet noise. The hybrid method, an inverse method approached via beamforming, is applied to jet noise measured along a 50 element, 30 m linear array to obtain equivalent source distributions. The source distribution extent decreases with increasing frequency or with a decrease in engine condition. A source coherence analysis along the axial dimension of the jet plume reveals that the source coherence lengths scale inversely with increasing engine condition. In addition, a method for extending the array bandwidth to frequencies beyond the spatial Nyquist frequency limit is also implemented. A directivity analysis of the beamforming results reveals that sources near the nozzle radiate to the sideline from a relatively stationary point irrespective of frequency, while the noise source origin of downstream radiating noise varies significantly with frequency.Application of phased-array algorithms to acoustic measurements in the vicinity of a high-performance military aircraft yields equivalent source reconstructions over a range of engine conditions. Beamforming techniques for aeroacoustics applications have undergone significant advances over the past decade to account for difficulties that arise when traditional methods are applied to distributed sources such as those found in jet noise. The hybrid method, an inverse method approached via beamforming, is applied to jet noise measured along a 50 element, 30 m linear array to obtain equivalent source distributions. The source distribution extent decreases with increasing frequency or with a decrease in engine condition. A source coherence analysis along the axial dimension of the jet plume reveals that the source coherence lengths scale inversely with increasing engine condition. In addition, a method for extending the array bandwidth to frequencies beyond the spatial Nyquist frequency limit is also implement...
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