EFTL: Complex Convolutional Networks With Electromagnetic Feature Transfer Learning for SAR Target Recognition

2021 
Considering that synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images obtained directly after signal processing are in the form of complex matrices, we propose a complex convolutional network for SAR target recognition. In this article, we give a brief introduction to complex convolutional networks and compare them with the real counterpart. A complex activation function is applied to analyze the influence of phase information in complex neural networks. Inspired by the theory of network visualization, a special kind of transfer learning based on the electromagnetic property from the attributed scattering center model is applied in our networks to modulate the first convolutional layer. The experiment shows a better performance in terms of classification accuracy compared to random weight initialization.
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