Automatic Symmetry Discovery with Lie Algebra Convolutional Network.

2021 
Existing equivariant neural networks for continuous groups require discretization or group representations. All these approaches require detailed knowledge of the group parametrization and cannot learn entirely new symmetries. We propose to work with the Lie algebra (infinitesimal generators) instead of the Lie group.Our model, the Lie algebra convolutional network (L-conv) can learn potential symmetries and does not require discretization of the group. We show that L-conv can serve as a building block to construct any group equivariant architecture. We discuss how CNNs and Graph Convolutional Networks are related to and can be expressed as L-conv with appropriate groups. We also derive the MSE loss for a single L-conv layer and find a deep relation with Lagrangians used in physics, with some of the physics aiding in defining generalization and symmetries in the loss landscape. Conversely, L-conv could be used to propose more general equivariant ansatze for scientific machine learning.
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