Shading-based absolute phase unwrapping
Absolute phase unwrapping in the phase-shifting profilometry (PSP) is significant for dynamic 3-D measurements over a large depth range. Among traditional phase unwrapping methods, spatial phase unwrapping can only retrieve a relative phase map, and temporal phase unwrapping requires auxiliary projection sequences. We propose a shading-based absolute phase unwrapping (SAPU) framework for in situ 3-D measurements without additional projection patterns. First, the wrapped phase map is calculated from three captured images. Then, the continuous relative phase map is obtained using the phase histogram check (PHC), from which the absolute phase map candidates are derived with different fringe orders. Finally, the correct absolute phase map candidate can be determined without additional patterns or spatial references by applying the shading matching check (SMC). The experimental results demonstrate the validity of the proposed method.