Liveness Analysis of $\omega $ -Independent Petri Nets Based on New Modified Reachability Trees

Liveness of Petri nets means all activities in a modeled system can potentially take place and thus implies deadlock freedom. The research on liveness analysis approaches is inadequate. This paper proposes a liveness judgment reachability graph (LJRG) approach to analyze the liveness of $ {\omega }$ -independent Petri nets. Such nets can be loosely explained as a class of unbounded Petri nets in which the changes of tokens in unbounded places are not related to each other. This paper proposes several algorithms to transform a new modified reachability tree to a new modified reachability graph and then transform it to an LJRG. It then develops the application of LJRG into the liveness analysis of $ {\omega }$ -independent unbounded Petri nets. The proposed method provides a new theoretical method and important tool for the liveness analysis of unbounded Petri nets. It is illustrated via some examples.
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