KMTNet Nearby Galaxy Survey III. Deficient H$\alpha$ flux in the Extended Disks of Spiral Galaxies

We perform a deep wide-field imaging survey of nearby galaxies using H$\alpha$ and broadband filters to investigate the characteristics of star formation in galaxies. Motivated by the finding that star formation rates (SFRs) derived from H$\alpha$ fluxes in dwarf galaxies are systematically lower than those inferred from far-ultraviolet (FUV) fluxes, we attempt to determine whether the same trend exists in the extended disks of two star-forming galaxies. We perform spatially resolved photometry using grid-shaped apertures to measure the FUV and H$\alpha$ fluxes of star-forming regions. We also perform spectral energy distribution (SED) fittings using 11 photometric data (FUV-to-MIR) including data from the literature to estimate the local properties such as internal attenuation of individual star-forming clumps. Comparing SFR$_\mathrm{FUV}$ and SFR$_\mathrm{H\alpha}$, which are converted from the H$\alpha$ and FUV fluxes corrected for the local properties, we find that SFR$_\mathrm{H\alpha}$/SFR$_\mathrm{FUV}$ tends to decrease as the SFR decreases. We evaluate possible causes of this discrepancy between the two SFRs by restricting parameters in the SED fitting and conclude that deficient H$\alpha$ fluxes in the extended disks of galaxies are tightly correlated with recent starbursts. The strong and short starburst which is being rapidly suppressed over the last 10 Myr seems to induce a significant discrepancy between the SFR$_\mathrm{H\alpha}$ and SFR$_\mathrm{FUV}$. In addition, the recent bursts in the extended disks of galaxies appear to have occurred azimuth-symmetrically, implying that these were likely triggered by gas accretion or internal processes rather than external perturbation.
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