Radio frequency emissions from dark-matter-candidate magnetized quark nuggets interacting with matter

2020 
Quark nuggets are theoretical objects composed of approximately equal numbers of up, down, and strange quarks. They are also called strangelets, nuclearites, AQNs, slets, Macros, and MQNs. Quark nuggets are a candidate for dark matter, which has been a mystery for decades despite constituting ${\sim}85\%$ of matter. Most previous models of quark nuggets have assumed no intrinsic magnetic field; however, Tatsumi found that quark nuggets may exist in magnetars as a ferromagnetic liquid with a magnetic field between $10^{ 11}$ T and $10^{ 13}$ T. We apply that result to quark nuggets, a dark-matter candidate consistent with the Standard Model, and report results of analytic calculations and simulations that show they spin up and emit electromagnetic radiation at ${\sim}10^{ 4}$ Hz to ${\sim}10^{ 9}$ Hz after passage through planetary environments. The results depend strongly on the value of $B_{o}$, which is a parameter to guide and interpret observations. Although radio-frequency emissions can in principle be used to detect this candidate for dark matter, we show that building and fielding such a detector would be exceedingly challenging.
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