Sparse Bayesian Learning Aided Estimation of Doubly-Selective MIMO Channels for Filter Bank Multicarrier Systems

Sparse Bayesian learning (SBL)-based channel state information (CSI) estimation schemes are developed for filter bank multicarrier (FBMC) systems using offset quadrature amplitude modulation (OQAM). Initially, an SBL-based channel estimation scheme is designed for a frequency-selective quasi-static single-input single-output (SISO)-FBMC system, relying on the interference approximation method (IAM). The IAM technique, although has low complexity, is only suitable for channels exhibiting mild frequency-selectivity. Hence, an alternative time-domain (TD) model based sparse channel estimation framework is developed for highly frequency-selective channels. Subsequently, the Kalman filtering (KF)-based IAM and its TD counterpart are developed for sparse doubly-selective CSI estimation in SISO-FBMC systems. These schemes are also extended to FBMC-based multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, for both quasi-static and doubly-selective channels, after demonstrating the special block and group-sparse structures of the IAM and TD-based models respectively, which are the characteristic features of such channels. The Bayesian Cramér-Rao lower bounds (BCRLBs) and the time-recursive BCRLBs are derived for the proposed quasi-static as well as doubly-selective sparse CSI estimation models, respectively. Our numerical results closely match the analytical findings, demonstrating the enhanced performance of the proposed schemes over the existing techniques.
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