Assessing clinical progression from subjective cognitive decline to mild cognitive impairment with incomplete multi-modal neuroimages.

Abstract Accurately assessing clinical progression from subjective cognitive decline (SCD) to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is crucial for early intervention of pathological cognitive decline. Multi-modal neuroimaging data such as T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), help provide objective and supplementary disease biomarkers for computer-aided diagnosis of MCI. However, there are few studies dedicated to SCD progression prediction since subjects usually lack one or more imaging modalities. Besides, one usually has a limited number (e.g., tens) of SCD subjects, negatively affecting model robustness. To this end, we propose a Joint neuroimage Synthesis and Representation Learning (JSRL) framework for SCD conversion prediction using incomplete multi-modal neuroimages. The JSRL contains two components: 1) a generative adversarial network to synthesize missing images and generate multi-modal features, and 2) a classification network to fuse multi-modal features for SCD conversion prediction. The two components are incorporated into a joint learning framework by sharing the same features, encouraging effective fusion of multi-modal features for accurate prediction. A transfer learning strategy is employed in the proposed framework by leveraging model trained on the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) with MRI and fluorodeoxyglucose PET from 863 subjects to both the Chinese Longitudinal Aging Study (CLAS) with only MRI from 76 SCD subjects and the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) with MRI from 235 subjects. Experimental results suggest that the proposed JSRL yields superior performance in SCD and MCI conversion prediction and cross-database neuroimage synthesis, compared with several state-of-the-art methods.
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